# error: (-215:Assertion failed) !image.empty() in function 'cv::imencode'

created at 07-31-2021 views: 137

## problem¶

Python cv2 extracts the face and then crops it, and an error is reported when the cropped face photo is base64. How can I solve it?

import cv2
import base64
def get_face_img(img):
gray = cv2.cvtColor(image, cv2.COLOR_RGB2GRAY)
faces = face_model.detectMultiScale(gray, 1.1, 3, 0, (100, 100))
for (x, y, w, h) in faces:
# Capture the specified position of the face
image = image[y - 100:y + h + 100, x - 100:x + h + 100]
retval, buffer = cv2.imencode('.jpg', image)
image_code = base64.b64encode(buffer)
return str(image_code)[2:-1]
if __name__ == '__main__':
get_face_img(img)


The above code always fails when running, and the error is reported as follows:

cv2.error: OpenCV(4.5.2) C:\Users\runneradmin\AppData\Local\Temp\pip-req-build-m8us58q4\opencv\modules\imgcodecs\src\loadsave.cpp:896: error: (-215:Assertion failed) !image.empty() in function 'cv::imencode'


When I remove the cropping code image = image[y-100:y + h + 100, x-100:x + h + 100], or convert base64 before cropping, there is no problem, so I guess it is The format after cropping does not use the imencode function.

What should I do to convert the cropped face to base64? I don't want to read the file after writing it out, I want to encode it directly.

## solution¶

It can be achieved with the io module, the code is as follows:

import cv2
import base64
import io
def get_face_img(img):
gray = cv2.cvtColor(image, cv2.COLOR_BGR2GRAY)
faces = face_model.detectMultiScale(gray, 1.1, 3, 0, (100, 100))
for (x, y, w, h) in faces:
# Capture the specified position of the face
image = image[y - 100:y + h + 100, x - 100:x + h + 100]
#retval, buffer = cv2.imencode('.jpg', image)
buffer=io.BytesIO(image)
image_code = base64.b64encode(str(buffer).encode('utf-8'))
return str(image_code)[2:-1]

if __name__ == '__main__':
print(get_face_img('F:/images/screenshot/1.jpg'))


#output：
PF9pby5CeXRlc0lPIG9iamVjdCBhdCAweDAwMDAwMjgxOTMzNThGNDg+

created at:07-31-2021