Docker is an open platform for developing, delivering and running applications. Docker enables you to separate applications from infrastructure so that you can deliver software quickly. With Docker, you can manage the infrastructure like an application. By taking advantage of Docker's rapid code delivery, testing, and deployment methods, you can significantly reduce the delay between writing code and running it in production. In order to make development, deployment, testing and distribution more efficient and easy, let's install Docker and experience its charm!
overlay2storage layer driver) cannot be used, and some functions may not be stable.
This article is mainly to install Docker in the Liunx operating system CentOS8.4, we can check our system version before installing, use the command:
lsb_release -a to view (as shown in the figure below).
Note: Do not directly use the yum command to install Docker without configuring the Docker YUM source.
The package name of the old version of Docker in CentOS is docker or
docker-engine. If you installed an old version of Docker in your previous Linux CentOS system, you need to uninstall the old version of Docker and its related dependencies first, and execute the following command:
sudo yum remove docker \ docker-client \ docker-client-latest \ docker-common \ docker-latest \ docker-latest-logrotate \ docker-logrotate \ docker-selinux \ docker-engine-selinux \ docker-engine
Because my system has just been installed, the execution of the above command prompts that the package that needs to be removed is not found!
If yum reports that these packages are not installed, it does not matter.
Note: The contents of the
/var/lib/docker/ directory, including files such as images, containers, volume groups, and networks, will be preserved. The new package of
Docker CE is named
What exactly does yum do?
Brief description: Yum is called a package manager, which is mainly used to solve four problems: download, dependency, installation, and uninstall.
Execute the following commands to install dependent packages and some necessary system tools:
sudo yum install -y yum-utils device-mapper-persistent-data lvm2
Due to network in China, it is recommended to use the Docker CE mirror source site provided by Alibaba Cloud!
sudo yum-config-manager --add-repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/docker-ce/linux/centos/docker-ce.repo
Official mirror source address:
# sudo yum-config-manager --add-repo https://download.docker.com/linux/centos/docker-ce.repo
Update the yum software source cache and install
docker-ce (yes all the way).
sudo yum install docker-ce docker-ce-cli containerd.io
The following are the dependencies for successful installation:
View the successfully installed docker version:
Since the CentOS8 firewall uses
nftables, Docker does not yet support
First, we check the status of the firewall. If the firewall status is open, we perform the following operations:
systemctl status firewalld
We can use iptables with the following settings: change
# FirewallBackend=nftables FirewallBackend=iptables
Or execute the following command:
firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=trusted --add-interface=docker0 firewall-cmd --reload
Executing the sudo service docker start command to start the Docker service prompts an exception: Redirecting to
/bin/systemctl start docker.service
To see the exception, you need to execute systemctl related commands, because different Linux distributions have different commands to open the Docker service.
sudo systemctl enable docker sudo systemctl start docker
Finally check the running status of docker
systemctl status docker
After installing Docker, you need to start the Docker daemon. Most Linux distributions are used to start services with systemctl.
sudo systemctl start docker
Automatically start when the system starts
If you want Docker to start at boot time, please refer to Configure Docker to start at boot time 👉
systemctl start docker
systemctl stop docker
systemctl restart docker
systemctl status docker
systemctl enable docker
docker ps -a
docker start container ID or container name
docker kill container ID or container name
container ID or container name
docker rm container ID or container name
docker image ls
First, we enter docker run hello-world to see whether the prompt shown in the figure below will appear. If an error occurs, there may be a problem with the environment configuration.
Note: This command will let Docker pull the image of hello-world from the official warehouse to the local (when the image does not exist locally), and it will automatically instantiate the container.
Unable to find image 'hello-world:latest' locally latest: Pulling from library/hello-world 2db29710123e: Pull complete Digest: sha256:37a0b92b08d4919615c3ee023f7ddb068d12b8387475d64c622ac30f45c29c51 Status: Downloaded newer image for hello-world:latest Hello from Docker! This message shows that your installation appears to be working correctly. To generate this message, Docker took the following steps: 1. The Docker client contacted the Docker daemon. 2. The Docker daemon pulled the "hello-world" image from the Docker Hub. (amd64) 3. The Docker daemon created a new container from that image which runs the executable that produces the output you are currently reading. 4. The Docker daemon streamed that output to the Docker client, which sent it to your terminal. To try something more ambitious, you can run an Ubuntu container with: $ docker run -it ubuntu bash Share images, automate workflows, and more with a free Docker ID: https://hub.docker.com/ For more examples and ideas, visit: https://docs.docker.com/get-started/
View the hello-World image and container: