MacOS failed to install pip, prompt: SyntaxError: invalid syntax

created at 11-03-2021 views: 181

error

Use the command sudo easy_install pip to install pip, but the result fails. The command execution information is as follows:

➜  ~ sudo easy_install pip
Password:
Searching for pip
Reading https://pypi.org/simple/pip/
Downloading https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/da/f6/c83229dcc3635cdeb51874184241a9508ada15d8baa337a41093fab58011/pip-21.3.1.tar.gz#sha256=fd11ba3d0fdb4c07fbc5ecbba0b1b719809420f25038f8ee3cd913d3faa3033a
Best match: pip 21.3.1
Processing pip-21.3.1.tar.gz
Writing /tmp/easy_install-8XXfb1/pip-21.3.1/setup.cfg
Running pip-21.3.1/setup.py -q bdist_egg --dist-dir /tmp/easy_install-8XXfb1/pip-21.3.1/egg-dist-tmp-5cqtMF
Traceback (most recent call last):
# 省略100行  
  File "/System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/Extras/lib/python/setuptools/sandbox.py", line 44, in _execfile
    code = compile(script, filename, 'exec')
  File "/tmp/easy_install-8XXfb1/pip-21.3.1/setup.py", line 7
    def read(rel_path: str) -> str:
                     ^
SyntaxError: invalid syntax

solution

Download the script file get-pip.py:

curl 'https://bootstrap.pypa.io/get-pip.py' > get-pip.py

Then use the command python3 to execute the script file get-pip.py:

sudo python3 get-pip.py

This completes the installation.

The process information of executing the command is as follows:

➜  ~ curl 'https://bootstrap.pypa.io/get-pip.py' > get-pip.py
  % Total    % Received % Xferd  Average Speed   Time    Time     Time  Current
                                 Dload  Upload   Total   Spent    Left  Speed
100 2108k  100 2108k    0     0  2571k      0 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:-- 2568k
➜  ~ sudo python3 get-pip.py
Password:
WARNING: The directory '/Users/liaowenxiong/Library/Caches/pip' or its parent directory is not owned or is not writable by the current user. The cache has been disabled. Check the permissions and owner of that directory. If executing pip with sudo, you should use sudo's -H flag.
DEPRECATION: Configuring installation scheme with distutils config files is deprecated and will no longer work in the near future. If you are using a Homebrew or Linuxbrew Python, please see discussion at https://github.com/Homebrew/homebrew-core/issues/76621
Collecting pip
  Downloading pip-21.3.1-py3-none-any.whl (1.7 MB)
     |████████████████████████████████| 1.7 MB 1.0 MB/s
Installing collected packages: pip
  Attempting uninstall: pip
    Found existing installation: pip 21.2.4
    Uninstalling pip-21.2.4:
      Successfully uninstalled pip-21.2.4
DEPRECATION: Configuring installation scheme with distutils config files is deprecated and will no longer work in the near future. If you are using a Homebrew or Linuxbrew Python, please see discussion at https://github.com/Homebrew/homebrew-core/issues/76621
Successfully installed pip-21.3.1
WARNING: Running pip as the 'root' user can result in broken permissions and conflicting behaviour with the system package manager. It is recommended to use a virtual environment instead: https://pip.pypa.io/warnings/venv
➜  ~ pip --version
pip 21.3.1 from /usr/local/lib/python3.9/site-packages/pip (python 3.9)

A simpler execution command is as follows:

curl https://bootstrap.pypa.io/get-pip.py | python3

uninstall pip

sudo pip uninstall pip  
created at:11-03-2021
edited at: 11-03-2021: